Our Woods Explained: An insight into the material that makes your watch unique

Today's blog will give you some insight into the grains of wood we handcraft to perfect our timepieces.  You will be surprised by the number of woods we utilise and some of the far-flung destinations we source them from!

1. ACACIA

Acacia has contrasting bands of colour in the growth rings resulting in a grain pattern that is ribbon-like with streaks of colour.  It is sourced from Tanzania, South Africa, and Southern Asia.

Average Tree: 85 ft

Janka Scale Hardness 1160 lbf

Volumetric Shrinkage: 11.9%

Dried Weight: 11.9 lbs/ft³ 

 

2. ZEBRAWOOD

Zebrawood has a fairly coarse texture and open pores and offers a striking grain contrast.  It has an exceptional finish so it is considered a luxury hardwood. The grain is usually wavy or interlocked. It is sourced from West Africa (Congo).

Average Tree: 82 ft

Janka Scale Hardness 1850 lbf

Volumetric Shrinkage: 18.5%

Dried Weight: 52 lbs/ft³ 

 

3. BAMBOO

Bamboo is actually a grass and the hollow reeds of some species can grow to 100 feet. The bamboo in our watches is created by gluing sanded strips of bamboo together then machining the new bamboo “boards” into links and watch cases. Being a monocot in the grass family, bamboo does not have any sapwood/heartwood or growth rings. The texture is very uniform, and ranges from medium to fine depending on density. It is sourced from Southern Asia.

Average Tree: 76 ft

Janka Scale Hardness 1610 lbf

Volumetric Shrinkage: 17.5%

Dried Weight: 32 lbs/ft³ 

 

4. WALNUT

Walnut can range from a light pale brown to a dark chocolate brown with deeply hued streaks. Secondary colours can sometimes have a grey, purple, or reddish cast. The grain seen in walnut is typically straight but can be irregular including burl, crotch, and curly variants. The texture is uniform, with a moderate natural luster. It is sourced from Eastern Europe.

Average Tree: 96 ft

Janka Scale Hardness 1225 lbf

Volumetric Shrinkage: 7.8%

Dried Weight: 46 lbs/ft³ 

 

5. GOLDEN CAMPHOR

The colour of Camphor can be highly variable depending on the species and growing conditions. We select Camphor that is light brown, with shades of grey & olive green, creating a golden hue. The grain can show a variety of patterns: straight, interlocked, and wavy can all be present in a single piece. The texture is uniform, with a high natural luster and a soft buttery feel. It is sourced from Southern Asia.

Average Tree: 85 ft

Janka Scale Hardness 960 lbf

Volumetric Shrinkage: 8.9%

Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft³ 

 

6. EBONY

Ebony wood has a high saturation of color and a natural glossy sheen. Due to the depth of tone the typically straight grain is not easily made out, though it is fine and uniform in texture. The hardness of ebony can make it challenging to work with so tools are routinely checked and sharpened to reduce pulling and poor edging.  The grain is typically straight or sometimes irregular, with a fine, uniform texture. It has a high level of natural luster. It is sourced from East Africa (Mozambique).

Average Tree: 80 ft

Janka Scale Hardness 2435 lbf

Volumetric Shrinkage: 16.2%

Dried Weight: 59 lbs/ft³ 

 

7. SANDALWOOD

We use various species of sandalwood, each chosen for their unique and varying color tones. Red, black/brown, and green sandalwood can all be seen in our lines.  The grain is straight, but occasionally curly or wavy, producing a fiddleback figure. The texture is very fine and even, with indistinct pores and rays. It is sourced multiple sources.  Dark: East Africa (Mozambique) Green: Argentina Red: East Africa (Mozambique)

Average Tree: 36 ft

Janka Scale Hardness 1685 lbf

Volumetric Shrinkage: 9%

Dried Weight: 62 lbs/ft³ 

 

8. OLIVE

Olive wood is commonly cream or yellowish brown, with darker brown or black contrasting streaks. The colour will deepen with age, with tones of grey and bronze. The grain may be straight, interlocked, or wild. There is a fine uniform texture with a moderate natural luster. It is sourced from Europe.

Average Tree: 50 ft

Janka Scale Hardness 2700 lbf

Volumetric Shrinkage: 14.5%

Dried Weight: 63 lbs/ft³ 

 

9. ROSEWOOD

Brazilian Rosewood can vary in colour from a darker chocolate brown to a lighter purplish or reddish-brown, with darker contrasting streaks. The black streaks can sometimes form a unique grain pattern that is sometimes referred to as “spider-webbing” or “landscape,” very similar to Ziricote. Lighter yellowish sapwood is clearly demarcated from the heartwood. the grain has a uniform, medium to coarse texture with medium-sized open pores. The grain tends to be straight, but can occasionally be interlocked, spiraled, or wavy. It is sourced from Brazil.

Average Tree: 120 ft

Janka Scale Hardness 2790 lbf

Volumetric Shrinkage: 8.5%

Dried Weight: 52 lbs/ft³ 

 

10. KOA

Koa is a species native to Hawaii and is widely considered to be the most beautiful of the native hardwoods. Though softer than several of our used wood species, Koa machines exceptionally well and finishes smooth with a beautiful natural sheen. The grain is usually slightly interlocked, and sometimes wavy. Uniform medium to coarse texture. It is sourced from Hawaii.

Average Tree: 83 ft

Janka Scale Hardness 1172 lbf

Volumetric Shrinkage: 12.5%

Dried Weight: 39 lbs/ft³ 

 

11. KOSSO

Kosso’s heartwood color typically has a light golden brown base, sometimes displaying tones of dark red or purplish brown that become subdued with ageThe grain is straight to interlocked with medium texture and a low natural luster. It is sourced from Nigeria.

Average Tree: 60 ft

Janka Scale Hardness 1365 lbf

Volumetric Shrinkage: 5.4%

Dried Weight: 39 lbs/ft³ 

 

12. MAPLE

Maple is found all over the world, but the hard Maple wood in our watches comes from Northeastern North America. Unlike our other woods that utilise the centre heartwood of the tree, our Maple watches are made from the outer rings, known as the sapwood. The graining is typically straight with slight waves and has a fine, uniform texture. Maple is fairly easy to work with but care must be taken to not overheat the tools as maple is easily burned. It is sourced from Northeastern North America.

Average Tree: 90 ft

Janka Scale Hardness 1450 lbf

Volumetric Shrinkage: 14.8%

Dried Weight: 45 lbs/ft³ 

 

13. PURPLEWOOD

Purplewood has a naturally rich purple color. The grain pattern is generally fine and has very straight lines. Although difficult to cut at high speeds, when worked correctly, a beautiful and long-lasting finish is created. The grain is usually straight, but can also be wavy or irregular. Has a medium texture with a good natural luster. It is sourced from the Solomon Islands.

Average Tree: 150 ft

Janka Scale Hardness 2520 lbf

Volumetric Shrinkage: 10.5%

Dried Weight: 55 lbs/ft³